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Пользователи из разных городов пишут нам, что их иногда смущает содержание видеоуроков и произношение преподавателей.

Наша основная задача - помочь ученику быть успешным в школе.

С помощью наших видеоуроков по английскому языку вы сможете подготовиться к завтрашнему уроку в средней (неспециализированной) школе. Чтобы освоить язык для свободного применения в повседневной жизни, рекомендуем обратиться к сайтам Lingualeo.com, Engvid.com, Busuu.com.

Мы знаем, что произношение наших преподавателей часто отличается от произношения носителей языка.

В нашу задачу не входит поставить идеальное английское произношение. К тому же произношение неодинаково, даже у жителей различных районов Великобритании (произношение в Шотландии отличается от произношения в Уэльсе), что уж говорить об Австралии и Индии. Мы уверены, что, если вы научитесь произносить звуки так, как это делают наши учителя, это вам поможет и в школе, и в жизни.

Adverbs. Наречия (Субтитры)

На данном уроке мы поговорим о наречиях (Adverbs). В ходе занятия мы узнаем, на какие вопросы отвечают наречия, что они описывают, а также рассмотрим примеры их употребления в речи.

Примеры использования наречий

Why are you studying English now? Would you like to speak English fluently and know the Grammar rules well? The words “now”, “fluently”, “well” are adverbs.

Зачем вы сейчас учите английский? Хотите ли вы говорить по-английски бегло и знать грамматику хорошо? Слова «сейчас», «бегло» и «хорошо» – это наречия.

Примеры английских наречий

Рис. 1. Примеры английских наречий

The story about Mike

Mike and his friend Sam are at the park. It’s the last day of their summer holidays. Mike tells Sam, “The holidays seemed to be short.”  Sam adds, “Yes, the holidays seemed to be extremely short!Mike says, “The holidays went by quickly.” Sam adds, “The holidays went by really quickly.” Mike tries to cheer up, “We will have fun at school.” Sam agrees, “We will definitely have fun at school.” Mike is confused and asks his friend, “What are you doing?Sam answers, “I’m adding adverbs to all your sentences!

Майк и его друг Сэм гуляют в парке. Сегодня последний день их летних каникул. Майк говорит Сэму: «Каникулы оказались короткими». Сэм добавляет: «Да, каникулы оказались очень короткими». Майк говорит: «Каникулы пролетели быстро». Сэм добавляет: «Каникулы пролетели очень быстро». Майк пытается подбодрить: «Мы будем веселиться в школе». Сэм соглашается: «Мы, безусловно, будем повеселиться в школе». Майк спрашивает в замешательстве: «Что ты делаешь?» На что Сэм отвечает: «Я добавляю наречия во все твои предложения!»

Наречия в английском языке

Рис. 2. Наречия в английском языке

Определение наречия

Adverbs describe words but they describe how something happens or is done. They describe actions, NOT people, places or things. Adverbs describe how, when, where, why, how often or how much something is or happens. Adverbs tell us more about verbs, adjectives or other adverbs. They answer the questions When? Where? How?

Наречия описывают слова, но они описывают, как что-то происходит. Они описывают действия, а не людей, места или вещи. Наречия описывают, как, когда, где, почему, как часто и как много что-то происходит. Наречия рассказывают нам больше о глаголах, прилагательных или других наречиях. Они отвечают на вопросы «когда?», «где?», «как?».

Пример:

We are studying adverbs now. (When?)

You’ve heard the story about Mike once. (How many times?)

Jane can cook beautifully. (How?)

Случаи употребления наречий

Рис. 3. Случаи употребления наречий


 

How often do you feel?

Complete the worksheet and use: always, usually, often, sometimes, never.

E.g. How often do you feel amused? – I usually feel amused when I watch TV.

Questions

You

Classmates

How often do you feel energetic?

 

 

How often do you feel upset after a poor test mark?

 

 

How often do you feel tired during the week?

 

 

How often do you exercise at school?

 

 

How often are you impressed by someone?

 

 

Пример:

  • The boy reads quickly.

How does the boy read? Quickly tells how the boy reads.

  • The opera singer sang melodiously.

How did the opera singer sing? Melodiously tells how the singer sang.

  • Joe quickly ate three apples.

How did Joe eat three apples? Quickly tells how Joe ate apples.

  • Jill suddenly fell on the wet grass.

How did Jill fall? Suddenly tells how Jill fell.

Таким образом, чтобы найти наречие, необходимо определить глагол (в данных предложениях это слова “reads”, “sang”, “ate”, “fell”) и задать к нему вопрос «как?».

Другие примеры наречий: badly, loudly, well, timidly.

Упражнение 1

Read the sentence. Then read the question. Guess which adverb to put on the line.

Choose from the following: always / today / later / often / tomorrow

Remember: An adverb is a word that tells when an action happens.

  1. Joe ______ reads a book.

When does Joe read a book?

  1. We will eat lunch ____________.

When will we eat lunch?

  1. Alex fed the dog

When did Alex feed the dog?

  1. She _________ talks on the phone.

When does she talk on the phone?

  1. He will go shopping _____________.

When will he go shopping?

 Ответ:

  • Always
  • Later
  • Today
  • Often
  • Tomorrow

Rock and roll adverb song: часть 1

Listen, read and repeat the first part of the rock and roll adverb song.

Downtown, inside, off, out, upstairs, there –

All these words are adverbs because they tell us where.

Adverbs can describe a verb,

They don’t describe a noun.

They tell us when.

They tell us where.

They also tell us how.

Упражнение 2

Read the sentence. Then read the question. Guess which adverb to put on the line.

Choose from the following: away / upstairs / everywhere / inside / nearby

Remember: An adverb is a word that tells where an action happens.

  1. The kids go _____________ to skate.

Where do the kids go to skate?

  1. You should not skate ______________.

Where shouldn’t you skate?

  1. There is a skate park ____________.

Where is the skate park?

  1. I keep my skateboard ______________.

Where do I keep my skateboard?

  1. The skateboard rolled ______________.

Where did the skateboard roll?

 Ответ:

  • Everywhere
  • Inside
  • Nearby
  • Upstairs
  • Away

Rock and roll adverb song: часть 2

Tomorrow, often, never, once, sometimes, then –

All these words are adverbs

Because they tell us when.

Adverbs can describe a verb,

They don’t describe a noun.

They tell us when.

They tell us where.

They also tell us how.

What kind of word

Tells about a verb?

“Adverbs!” “Adverbs!” “When!” “Where!” “How!”

What kind of word

Tells about a verb now?

“Adverbs!” “Adverbs!” “When!” “Where!” “How!”

What kind of word

Tells about a verb?

“Adverbs!” “Adverbs!” “When!” “Where!” “How!”

What kind of word

Tells about a verb now?

“Adverbs!” “Adverbs!” “When!” “Where!” “How!”

Правила использования наречий

Рис. 4. Правила использования наречий

Упражнение 3

Read the sentence. Then read the question. Guess which adverb to put on the line.

Choose from the following: easily / softly / loudly / high / quickly

Remember: An adverb is a word that tells how an action happens.

  1. The boy ran _____________.

How did the boy run?

  1. The girl talked ____________.

How did the girl talk?

  1. The wind blew ___________.

How did the wind blow?

  1. He _____________ lifted the ball.

How did he lift the ball?

  1. The fire burned ____________.

How did the fire burn?

Ответ:

  • Quickly
  • Loudly
  • Softly
  • Easily
  • High

 

A wordsearch

Read the words and then find them in the word search.

actively

amazingly

angrily

beautifully

bravely

calmly

carefully

carelessly

clearly

easily

fantastically

happily

loudly

magically

quickly

quietly

roughly

sadly

slowly

softly

Rock and roll adverb song: часть 3

Loudly, quickly, carefully, fast, sadly –

All these words are adverbs.

How is what they’re telling me.

Adverbs can describe a verb,

They don’t describe a noun.

They tell us when.

They tell us where.

They also tell us how.

What kind of word

Tells about a verb?

“Adverbs!” “Adverbs!” “When!” “Where!” “How!”

What kind of word

Tells about a verb now?

“Adverbs!” “Adverbs!” “When!” “Where!” “How!”

What kind of word

Tells about a verb?

“Adverbs!” “Adverbs!” “When!” “Where!” “How!”

What kind of word

Tells about a verb now?

“Adverbs!” “Adverbs!” “When!” “Where!” “How!”

Многообразий английских наречий

Рис. 5. Многообразий английских наречий


What are adverbs?

Many adverbs and “ly”, but lots of them do not, e.g.

fast, never, well, very, most, least, more, less, now, far, there.

Пример:

Tara walks gracefully.

He runs fast.

You can set your watch by him. He always leaves at 5 o’clock.

The dinner guests arrived early.

She sometimes helps us.

 

Adverbs of time

Press the button now.

I have never been there.

Adverbs of place

Daisies grow everywhere.

I didn’t put it there.

Adverbs of manner

He passed the test easily.

Adverbs of degree

That is the farthest I have ever jumped.

He boxed more cleverly.

 

Список рекомендованной литературы

  1. Афанасьева О.В. Серия «Новый курс английского языка для российских школ». 5 класс. – М: Дрофа, 2008.
  2. Фомина И.Н., Фомина Л.В. Английский язык в алгоритмах. – Днепропетровск, 2007.
  3. Пахотин А. Всё о модальных глаголах и сослагательном наклонении в английском языке. – М: Издатель Карева, 2005.
  4. Дубровин М.И. Иллюстрированный путеводитель по английской грамматике. – М: «Начала-Пресс», 1992.

 

Домашнее задание 

  1. Поставьте наречие в скобках в нужное место.
  1. My granny goes for a walk in the morning. (always)
  2. I drink tea with sugar. (sometimes)
  3. She listens to the radio. (often)
  4. Monica gets angry. (never)
  5. Jill helps her mother in the kitchen. (usually)
  6. He is late. (never)
  7. My brother drives a car. (seldom) 
  1. Образуйте наречия из прилагательных в скобках.
  1. They ______________ (warm) smiled at me.
  2. This film is _______________ (extreme) funny.
  3. She ______________ (easy) finds new friends.
  4. They often act _____________ (strange).
  5. I am _____________ (absolute) alone.
  6. The doctor examined me _______________ (careful).
  7. Could you speak ____________ (quiet)?
  1. Выберите правильный вариант
  1. They live near/nearly.
  2. Your ideas sound great/greatly.
  3. You think really slow/slowly.
  4. Why are you so nervous/nervously?
  5. It’s a big/bigly house.
  6. The train is fast/fastly.
  7. The talk clear/clearly.

 

Рекомендованные ссылки на ресурсы сети Интернет

  1. Интернет-портал Englishfull.ru (Источник).
  2. Интернет-портал Study-english.info (Источник).
  3. Интернет-портал Engblog.ru (Источник).