Уважаемые пользователи! В связи с блокировкой Роскомнадзором хостингов Telegram наш сайт (как и некоторые другие сайты Интернета), а также оплата абонементов могут быть недоступны или работать некорректно для части пользователей. Просим всех столкнувшихся с проблемами обращаться по адресу info@interneturok.ru.
Классы
Предметы
Пользователи из разных городов пишут нам, что их иногда смущает содержание видеоуроков и произношение преподавателей.

Наша основная задача - помочь ученику быть успешным в школе.

С помощью наших видеоуроков по английскому языку вы сможете подготовиться к завтрашнему уроку в средней (неспециализированной) школе. Чтобы освоить язык для свободного применения в повседневной жизни, рекомендуем обратиться к сайтам Lingualeo.com, Engvid.com, Busuu.com.

Мы знаем, что произношение наших преподавателей часто отличается от произношения носителей языка.

В нашу задачу не входит поставить идеальное английское произношение. К тому же произношение неодинаково, даже у жителей различных районов Великобритании (произношение в Шотландии отличается от произношения в Уэльсе), что уж говорить об Австралии и Индии. Мы уверены, что, если вы научитесь произносить звуки так, как это делают наши учителя, это вам поможет и в школе, и в жизни.

Participle 1/2 (doing/done)

На этом уроке вы познакомитесь с таким грамматическим понятием, как причастия настоящего времени (Participle I) и прошедшего времени (Participle II), а также узнаете о функциях причастий в предложении.

Введение понятий Present/Past Participles

Причастия происходят от глаголов. Причастия могут быть настоящего времени (Present Participle/Participle I) или прошедшего времени (Past Participle/Participle II).

Participle I оканчиваются на -ing (drinking water, laughing girl).

Participle II оканчиваются на -ed (decorated house), если глагол правильный или если глагол неправильный, то причастием прошедшего времени является III форма глагола из таблицы неправильных глаголов (broken vase, written text).

Participle

Причастие

Present (Verb + -ing)

Past (Verb + -ed/III)

drinking water laughing girl

decorated house

broken vase

written text

Прочитайте отрывок из песни The winner takes it all (ABBA), обращая внимание на выделенные причастия.

I don't wanna talk
about things we've gone through,
Though it's hurting me, now it's history.
I've played all my cards
and that's what you've done too,
Nothing more to say, no more ace to play.

The winner takes it all,
The loser standing small
beside the victory,
that' s her destiny.

I was in your arms thinking I belonged there,
I figured it made sense, building me a fence,
Building me a home, thinking I'd be strong there,
But I was a fool, playing by the rules.
The gods may throw a dice, their minds as cold as ice,
And someone way down here loses someone dear.

The winner takes it all,
The loser has to fall
It's simple and it's plain
Why should I complain.

В таблице приведены причастия, использованные в песне The winner takes it all (ABBA).

Participle

Причастие

Present (Verb + -ing)

Past (Verb + -ed/III)

hurting/standing/thinking/building/playing

gone/played/done

 

Упражнение

Прочитайте предложения. Назовите причастия настоящего и прошедшего времени.

  1. He has flown to London three times.
  2. The sun was shining so I went for a walk.
  3. The man wearing a black suit is our teacher.
  4. The movie was extremely exciting.
  5. That girl looks lost.
  6. They have just arrived.

Правильные ответы:

Present Participle– shining/wearing/ exciting

Past Participle – flown/ lost/ arrived

 

Функции Present/Past Participles в предложении

Если вы внимательно читали предложения, то обратили внимание, что причастия активно используются для образования некоторых грамматических времен, а значит, вы с ними уже давно были знакомы.

Прочитайте таблицу.

Present participle V-ing

Past Participle

V-ed/III

Continuous tenses

I am speaking English now.

Yesterday he was playing tennis from 5 to 7 p.m.

Perfect tenses

He has written a novel.

They had left before I called.

 

Passive Voice

The dinner was made by the chef.

The ship was broken in the storm.

У причастий есть еще одна функция в предложении. Их можно использовать как прилагательные, чтобы описать существительное.

Present participle V-ing

Past Participle V-ed/III

 

 Adjectives

A cowboy put on his ridingclothes yesterday.

It was a shocking secret for me.

The broken chair was used for firewood. 

The tired pupils wanted to go home.

 

Смысловая разница между Present/Past Participles

Разница между причастием настоящего времени и прошедшего ощутимо видна и в их значениях.

Если вы используете Participle I (V-ing), вы описываете человека или вещь.

The teacher was boring I nearly felt asleep.

Если вы используете Participle II (V-ed), вы говорите о том, что чувствуете вы или другой человек.

Iwas bored at his lesson.

Прочитайте примеры:

exciting – excited

I think football is a very exciting game. Я думаю, футбол – увлекательная игра.

Everyone at the stadium is so excited. Все на стадионе были увлечены.

Interesting – interested

I think being a nurse must be a very interesting job. Я думаю, работа медсестры очень интересная.

I am interested in looking after people. Мне интересно ухаживать за людьми.

Annoying – annoyed

My neighbors are very annoying. Мои соседи очень надоедливые.

They always play loud music and I am annoyed. Они всегда очень громко музицируют, и я раздражен.

Frightening – frightened

That horror film was too frightening for me. Этот фильм ужасов был очень пугающим для меня.

I was frightened even with the music in it. Меня пугала даже музыка в нем.    

amusing
That TV programme is really amusing.

amused
He was amused to hear his little son singing in the bath.

boring
I've never seen such a boring film!

bored
The students looked bored as the teacher talked and talked.

confusing
I find these instructions very confusing! Could you come and help me?

confused
I was confused, because I asked two people and they told me two different things.

depressing
This weather is depressing! Is it ever going to stop raining?

depressed
I was feeling depressed, so I stayed at home with hot chocolate and a good book.

embarrassing
That is the most embarrassing photo! I look terrible!

embarrassed
John was really embarrassed when he fell over in front of his new girlfriend.

exciting
It's a really exciting book. I couldn't wait to find out what happened at the end.

excited
I'm so excited! I'm going on holiday tomorrow!

exhausting
I hate doing housework! It's exhausting!

exhausted
Julie was so exhausted after her exams, she spent the next three days sleeping.

fascinating
The brain is fascinating, isn't it? It's amazing how much it can do.

fascinated
Joan was fascinated by her grandmother's stories of life in the 1920s.

frightening
What a frightening film! I don't want to walk home on my own now!

frightened
I was really frightened of bees when I was little, but I don't mind them now.

frustrating
It's frustrating when you want to say something in another language, but you don't know the word.

frustrated
I tried all morning to send an email, but it wouldn't work. I was so frustrated!

interesting
That was a very interesting book.

interested
She's interested in animals, so she's thinking of studying to be a vet.

overwhelming
I find London a bit overwhelming. It's so busy and noisy.

overwhelmed
Julie felt overwhelmed. She'd moved house, got a new job and was learning to drive, all at the same time.

relaxing
A nice hot bath is so relaxing after a long day.

relaxed
She was so relaxed, sitting in front of the fire, that she didn't want to move.

satisfying
John loves his new job as a teacher. He says it's very satisfying when he makes a student

understand.

satisfied
I'm very satisfied that I managed to order the meal in French.

shocking
What a shocking crime! It's terrible.

 

shocked
I was shocked when my co-worked admitted stealing some money.

surprising
It's surprising how many people don't want to travel to another country.

surprised
She was surprised when she arrived at her class and found the other students doing an exam. She'd thought it was a normal lesson.

terrifying
What a terrifying dog! It's huge!

terrified
My little son is terrified of the dark. We always leave a light on in his room at night.

thrilling
What thrilling music! It's some of the most beautiful music I've ever heard.

thrilled
I was thrilled to win first prize in the competition.

tiring
My job is really tiring. I don't get home until 10 p.m. sometimes.

tired
David's too tired to come to the cinema tonight. He's going to go to bed early.

 

Упражнение

Выберите правильную форму и вставьте в предложение.

1. interesting/interested

This exercise is ________.

2. exciting/excited

On Christmas Eve, many children are so ______ that they stay up all night.

3. annoying/annoyed

My friend has a very ______ habit.

4. tiring/tired

I had such a ______ day I went straight to bed.

5. relaxing/relaxed

We were_________ after our holidays.

6. disgusting/disgusted

Their hamburgers are ________ .

7. satisfying/satisfied

I'm not __________ with my job.

8. boring/bored

George always talks about the same things, he is so __________.

9. disappointing/disappointed

I like this actor but the film was _________.

10.confusing/confused

English grammar can be________.

 

Правильные ответы:

  1. This exercise is interesting.
  2. On Christmas Eve, many children are so excited that they stay up all night.
  3. My friend has a very annoying habit.
  4. I had such a tiring day I went straight to bed.
  5. We were relaxed after our holidays.
  6. Their hamburgers are disgusting.
  7. I'm not satisfied with my job.
  8. George always talks about the same things, he is so boring.
  9. I like this actor but the film was disappointing.
  10. English grammar can be confusing.

 

Прощание

Список литературы

  1. Афанасьева О.В., Михеева И.В. Английский язык 8 класс. – М.: Дрофа, 2007.
  2. Биболетова М.З., Трубанева Н.Н. Английский язык 7 класс. – Титул, 2012.
  3. Голицынский Ю. Грамматика Сборник упражнений (издание 6). – Каро, 2007.
  4. К.И. Кауфман, М.Ю. Кауфман. Английский язык: Счастливый английский.ру/ Happy English.ru: 7/8 класс. – Титул, 2012.
  5. Кузовлев В.П., Лапа Н.М., Перегудова Э.Ш. и др. Английский язык, 8 класс. – М.: Просвещение, 2009.

 

Дополнительные рекомендованные ссылки на ресурсы сети Интернет

  1. Engtime.ru (Источник).
  2. Engtime.ru (Источник).
  3. Comenglish.ru (Источник).
  4. Englishfromhome.ru (Источник).

 

Домашнее задание

Open the brackets using the verbs in Present Participle and translate the expressions into Russian.

1. _______dogs (bark)

2. _______children (play)

3.________ girls (scream)

4._________ women (dance)

5. ________ducks (swim)

6.________ babies (cry)

7. ________water (run)

Open the brackets using the verbs in Past Participle and translate the expressions into Russian. 

1.________ watches (repair)           

2. ________сomputers (break)

3. _________students (bore)

4. __________doctors (worry)

5. _________boys (confuse)

6. _________exercises (write)