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Пользователи из разных городов пишут нам, что их иногда смущает содержание видеоуроков и произношение преподавателей.

Наша основная задача - помочь ученику быть успешным в школе.

С помощью наших видеоуроков по английскому языку вы сможете подготовиться к завтрашнему уроку в средней (неспециализированной) школе. Чтобы освоить язык для свободного применения в повседневной жизни, рекомендуем обратиться к сайтам Lingualeo.com, Engvid.com, Busuu.com.

Мы знаем, что произношение наших преподавателей часто отличается от произношения носителей языка.

В нашу задачу не входит поставить идеальное английское произношение. К тому же произношение неодинаково, даже у жителей различных районов Великобритании (произношение в Шотландии отличается от произношения в Уэльсе), что уж говорить об Австралии и Индии. Мы уверены, что, если вы научитесь произносить звуки так, как это делают наши учителя, это вам поможет и в школе, и в жизни.

Verbs used with infinitive and gerund different in meaning

На данном уроке мы рассмотрим глаголы, которые используются как с герундием, так и с инфинитивом, но при этом получают разные значения.

Глаголы, после которых используется как инфинитив, так и герундий с изменением в значении

Существуют глаголы, после которых может использоваться как герундий, так и инфинитив, но при этом значения фраз, которые они будут образовывать, будут отличаться.

Рассмотрим примеры:

I like reading fantasy and science fiction.

I liked to read ‘Harry Potter’.

После глагола like мы используем герундий, когда говорим об общих предпочтениях, и инфинитив, когда говорим о более конкретных вещах.

Рассмотрим глаголы, которые имеют разное значение в сочетании с инфинитивом и с герундием:

Stop

Stop + gerund = stop doing smth

He stopped drinking coffee because he liked tea more. – Он бросил пить кофе, потому что ему больше нравился чай.

Stop + to infinitive = pause to do smth

He stopped to buy some food. – Он остановился, чтобы купить еды.

Regret

Regret + to infinitive = be sorry to (usually formal expression)

I regret to inform you that you have failed the test. – Мне жаль сообщать вам, но вы провалили тест.

Regret + gerund = feel sorry about

I regret quarrelling with my best friend. – Я жалею о том, что поссорился со своим лучшим другом.

Remember

Remember + to infinitive = not to forget

She remembered to lock the door. – Она не забыла закрыть дверь.

Remember + gerund = to recall a past event

I remember travelling by plane for the first time. – Я помню, как летел на самолете в первый раз.

Forget

Forget + to infinitive = not remember

I forgot to buy the newspaper. – Я забыл купить газету.

Forget + gerund = to forget a past event

I forgot meeting him before. – Я забыл, что встречал его раньше.

Try

Try + to infinitive = do one’s best, attempt

I will try to learn this rule. – Я постараюсь выучить это правило.

Try + gerund = do smth as an experiment (maybe, it will do some good)

If you can’t sleep, try drinking some milk. – Если ты не можешь уснуть, попробуй выпить молока. (Вдруг это поможет тебе уснуть.)

Практическое задание

Потренируемся на заданиях:

1. I will never forget to meet/meeting the president.

2. I regret to inform/informing you that your flight has been cancelled.

3. Call Jane and tell her that I forgot to tell/telling her I will need her tomorrow.

4. Do you remember to see/seeing this film?

5. Alex stopped to take/taking taxis to work as it was expensive.

6. The archaeologist tried to find/finding the ruins of the city but failed.

7. She always remembers to walk/walking her dog before leaving for work.

8. I regret to shout/shouting at the child. Now I’m ashamed.

9. He stopped to make/making himself a cup of tea and continued to work.

10. You should try to travel/travelling abroad if you want to practice speaking English.

Проверьте себя:

1. I will never forget meeting the president.

2. I regret to inform you that your flight has been cancelled.

3. Call Jane and tell her that I forgot to tell her I will need her tomorrow.

4. Do you remember seeing this film?

5. Alex stopped taking taxis to work as it was expensive.

6. The archaeologist tried to find the ruins of the city but failed.

7. She always remembers to walk her dog before leaving for work.

8. I regret shouting at the child. Now I’m ashamed.

9. He stopped to make himself a cup of tea and continued to work.

10. You should try travelling abroad if you want to practice speaking English.

Еще глаголы, после которых используется как инфинитив, так и герундий с изменением в значении

Продолжим изучать глаголы, принимающие разное значение с герундием и с инфинитивом:

Go on

Go on + to infinitive = then

After reading the story, she went on to write a report. – После того как она прочитала рассказ, она стала писать отчет.

Go on + gerund = continue

She went on reading though she was very tired. – Она продолжала читать, хотя и была очень уставшей.

Mean

Mean + to infinitive = intend

I didn’t mean to be rude. – Я не хотел быть грубым.

Mean + gerund = involve

Looking for a job means attending a lot of interviews. – Поиски работы включают в себя (подразумевают) посещение множества интервью.

Be sorry

Be sorry + to infinitive = regret, apologize for a present action

We are sorry to hear that you have lost your job. – Нам очень жаль слышать, что ты потерял работу.

I’m sorry to say this but your work is very bad. – Мне жаль это говорить, но ваша работа очень плохая.

Be sorry for + gerund = apologize for an earlier action

We are sorry for being late. – Нам очень жаль, что мы опоздали.

Be afraid

Be afraid + to infinitive = the subject is too frightened to do smth

I’m afraid to drive my father’s car. – Я боюсь водить машину моего отца.

Be afraid of + gerund = the subject is afraid that this may happen

I don’t want to drive my father’s car. I’m afraid of crashing it. – Я не хочу водить машину моего отца. Я боюсь ее разбить.

New Year is coming

I’m happy to tell you that New Year is coming soon. But I regret to inform you that our classes are over for some time.  And we are going to stop studies to break up for the winter holidays.

I am sure you will try to get ready to see the New Year in. I like celebrating New Year. I would like to give you some advice on how to make this celebration bright and memorable.

Remember to buy a New Year tree. Don’t forget to buy sweets and tangerines as I can’t remember celebrating a New Year ’s Day without them.

Celebrating New Year means having a lot of fun. That’s why don’t be afraid to look funny. Don’t forget to make or buy masks and remember to think of funny games to play with your family or friends.

I remember once making a fortune tree with good predictions. It was great! Everybody found a good prediction on the New Year tree and we went on to dance and play other games. Try playing charades. You will enjoy them. Have a nice time and happy New Year.

Практическое задание

Проверьте, как вы усвоили пройденную тему:

1. Remember (buy) presents for all your relatives and friends before the New Year’s Day.

2. I don’t remember (see) this film before.

3. I regret (tell) you that you have won nothing.

4. I regret (leave) the party early. It was such fun.

5. Learning English means (study) hard.

6. He means (invite) you to the party.

7. Don’t forget (send) greeting cards to your relatives.

8. I will never forget (visit) London on Christmas days.

9. On the way home he stopped (buy) some flowers.

10. The car doesn’t start. – Why don’t you try (fill) the tank with some petrol?

11. I love (celebrate) New Year at home.

12. They begin (decorate) the New Year tree before the holiday every year.

Проверьте себя:

1. Remember to buy presents for all your relatives and friends before the New Year’s Day.

2. I don’t remember seeing this film before.

3. I regret to tell you that you have won nothing.

4. I regret leaving the party early. It was such fun.

5. Learning English means studying hard.

6. He means to invite you to the party.

7. Don’t forget to send greeting cards to your relatives.

8. I will never forget visiting London on Christmas days.

9. On the way home he stopped to buy some flowers.

10. The car doesn’t start. – Why don’t you try filling the tank with some petrol?

11. I love celebrating New Year at home.

12. They try to decorate the New Year tree before the holiday every year.

Дополнительный материал к тексту

Some ideas for your fortune tree:

1. Enjoy dancing at the parties and visit as many of them as you can.

2. This year you will succeed in doing sports and take up a new hobby.

3. This year you may start travelling around the world.

4. Remember to congratulate your friends and relatives on the New Year.

5. Don’t be afraid to take the exams! You will be a success!

6. Try to work harder this year.

7. Don’t forget to invite Santa Clause to have fun.

8. Merry Christmas and Happy New Year!

 

Список литературы

  1. Биболетова М.З., Бабушис Е.Е. Английский язык 9 класс. – 2010.
  2. Ваулина Ю.Е., Дули Д. Английский язык 9 класс. – М.: Просвещение, 2010.
  3. Кауфман К.И., Кауфман М.Ю. Английский язык 9 класс. – Титул, 2007.
  4. Голицынский Ю.Б., Грамматика. Сборник упражнений – Каро, 2011.

 

Дополнительные рекомендованные ссылки на ресурсы сети Интернет

  1. Grammatiki.net (Источник).
  2. Tonail.com (Источник).
  3. Correctenglish.ru (Источник).

 

Домашнее задание

1. Упр. 4 c. 30, Ваулина Ю.Е., Дули Д. Английский язык 9 класс. – М.: Просвещение, 2010.

2. Раскройте скобки, используя нужную форму герундия или инфинитива:

1. Remember (to look/looking) ahead when driving. 2. When you go on that mission please remember (to point out/pointing out) to people there that our stand on this issue remains the same. — I won't fail to do that. 3. Do you remember (to meet/meeting) them last summer? 4. I regret (to tell/telling) you all the tickets for this performance have been sold. 5. He's always regretted (not to learn/not learning) to play a musical instrument. 6. I regret (to inform/ informing) you that your application has been rejected. 7. He tried (to go/going) to evening classes but his English was still hopeless. 8. She tried (to explain/explaining) the situation but he refused to listen and went on grumbling. 9. Do stop talking, I am trying (to write/ writing) a letter. 10. We stopped (to buy/buying) food in the store because the owner raised the prices. 11. We stopped (to buy/buying) food in the store because we were hungry. 12. Do stop (to make/making) this awful noise! 13. I'm afraid (to take/taking) an exam because I'm afraid (to fail/failing) it. 14. He was afraid (to leave/ leaving) the house because he was afraid (to meet/meeting) someone who might recognise him. 15. He was afraid (to say/saying) a word because he did not know anybody.